Rassvet, meaning Dawn, is a quiet, unassuming settlement situation not far
from the town of Aksay in the south of Russia.
The settlement was founded in 1932, when the private peasant farms were undergoing
a period of active collectivization resulting in the so-called "kolkhozes," or collective farms.
The decision on collectivization and the creation of the kolkhozes was made in 1927
at the XV Congress of the CPSU, and was carried out in the USSR from 1927 to 1937.
It was from 1930 to 1933 that the major push was made toward total collectivation.
At this time, all over central Russia rural regions suffered food shortages,
which directly resulted in total starvation.
It was at this time of troubles that the formation of the Don Zonal Research Institute of Agriculture
and its transfer to the settlement of Rassvet led to the transformation
of the settlement into south Russia's administrative and scientific center for agricultural science.